And likewise with airplane pilots, military leaders, business executives, and, may I say it, teachers and university professors.
Therefore, racial preference is morally wrong and should be legally prohibited. Either head by itself represents substantial harm; taken together, they seem reason enough for the moral bar to racial discrimination as such, even when the latter is not accompanied with systematic oppression.
A right to just compensation, to equal opportunity or to equal results, if higher and in conflict with the right not to be discriminated against, might supersede it. Looking for an exceptional company to do some custom writing for you?
S President John F. An immediate problem with this rationale is that it does not apply to most Hispanic and Asian Americans; as recent immigrants, they cannot ordinarily claim that their ancestors were victims of American oppression, and their own voluntary arrival has increasingly coincided with an era of discrimination in their favor.
The reason for compensation would still be injury, but its basis would be race. Likewise, the programs may be illegal under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act ofwhich prohibits discrimination based on race, color or national origin by recipients of federal financial assistance.
Both sides have reorganized for a renewed battle. In one form this argument holds that since no one deserves anything, society may use any criteria it pleases to distribute goods. So we should presume that if we were living in a just society, there would be roughly proportionate representation in every field e.
CPS PTable 2. In a speech at Howard University, Johnson explained the rationale for such programs: Relative per capita income for the three groups, and the difference between white and Hispanic poverty rates, have stayed about the same. The first six will be negative, attempting to show that the best arguments for Affirmative Action fail.
The Equal Results Argument Some philosophers and social scientists hold that human nature is roughly identical, so that on a fair playing field the same proportion from every race and ethnic group and both genders would attain to the highest positions in every area of endeavor.
What was intended was an equal chance, regardless of race. If the criterion of unacceptable discrimination were its adoption by a racial majority at the expense of a minority, what would prevent legal chaos in a country with a multitude of jurisdictions dealing with a host of racial and ethnic groups whose numerical balance is subject to considerable variation and change?
In the situation just described, these two guideposts would be unverifiable and speculative. Some critics argue that worldwide the record of affirmative action has been disastrous, even driving some societies to civil war e.
Has it moderated the intensity of racial antagonism demonstrated in the violent summers of throughand thereby forestalled the emergence of a danger to survival that would have been clear and present? I will examine nine arguments regarding Affirmative Action. What good is a role model who is inferior to other professors or physicians or business personnel?
A better strategy would be to hire the best police, that is, those who can perform in disciplined, intelligent manner, regardless of their race. Re Asian and Native Americans: Certainly not, if the group is defined by economic class or interest.
This is especially so given that any particular member of a disadvantaged group may not have personally experienced discrimination, and any particular member of an advantaged group may never have engaged in any act of discrimination.
What is the answer to our national problem? With regard to cognitive skills we must consult the best evidence we have on average group differences.InPresident Kennedy was the first to use the term "affirmative action" in an Executive Order that directed government contractors to take "affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.".
An affirmative action essay is one that deals with the strategies and policies formulated to check racial, color, sexual, cultural discrimination and to encourage equality. These types of essays deal with respective government and global measures taken to curb such socially discriminating factors.
Oct 14, · THE founding principle of affirmative action was fairness. After years of oppression, it seemed folly to judge blacks by the same measures as whites. “You do not take a person who, for years.
Deborah A. Ballam,Affirmative Action: Purveyor of Preferential Treatment or Guarantor of Equal Opportunity - A Call for a Revisioning of Affirmative Action, 18 BerkeleyJ. Emp. Affirmative Action 1. Affirmative Action in the U.S.
was designed to counteract the lingering effects of generations of past discrimination as an effort to improve the employment and educational opportunities of women and members of minority groups through preferential treatment in job hiring, college admissions, the awarding of.
The Pro’s and Con’s of Affirmative Action Essay. but it can also ensure preferential treatment by members of underrepresented groups.
Though many employers believe that affirmative action help the company to become more diverse. (Shaw, ).Download